Stephen Wolfram: Mathematician, Computer Scientist and Physicist

Stephen Wolfram, 59, is a British-American mathematician, computer scientist, physicist and visionary businessman. In 1981, Wolfram received the prestigious MacArthur Genius Fellowship Award. He’s the founder and CEO of the software company Wolfram Research, where he served as chief designer of the computer algebra system Mathematica (now called the Wolfram Language). In 2002, the company…

10 Jewish Computer Scientists Who’ve Changed the World

This article unexpectedly comes from India-based website TopYaps.com and was written by Digvijaya Singh. In brief, here are the 10 noted Jewish computer scientists (some still with us and some deceased): Leonard Kleinrock: winner of the National Medal of Science for his contributions to packet switching and modern data networks; George Kameny: co-developer of the…

Sara Seager: Passionate to Find and Understand Other Worlds

Canadian-American astronomer and planetary scientist Sara Seager, 46, conducts trailblazing research on exoplanets — planets that orbit stars outside our solar system. In 2013, she was awared a MacArthur Fellowship “genius award” for her work. Previously, she won the 2012 Sackler Prize for “analysis of the atmospheres and internal compositions of extra-solar planets”; and in…

Larry Page and Sergey Brin: The Brainiacs Behind Google

Larry Page (right) and Sergey Brin, the founders of Google, could not have developed the indispensable search engine had they not been brilliant computer scientists. Brin, 44, is a Russian American who immigrated with his Jewish parents to the United States when he was six. Page, also 44, was born in East Lansing, Michigan, to…

Jeremy England: Will This Young Physicist Be the Next Darwin?

Since 2011, Jeremy England has been an assistant professor at M.I.T.’s Physics Department. He is widely known for his hypothesis about the spontaneous emergence of life (which he calls “dissipation-driven adaptation”). One Pulitzer-prize winning science historian said “[England] could be the next Darwin.” Although England’s mother was Jewish (and the daughter of Polish Holocaust survivors),…

Dr. Jonas Salk: Developer of The World’s First Polio Vaccine

In the first half of the 20th century, parents worldwide were terrorized by the prospect of their children contracting poliomyelitis, a devastating viral disease that often resulted in paralysis or death. Thanks to Dr. Jonas Salk (1914–1995), creator of the world’s first anti-polio vaccine, the scourge of polio has been almost completely eradicated today. Dr.…